The question of agricultural and forestry production has evolved from a purely technical to a more complex one that is characterized by social, cultural, political, economic and ecological dimensions. A wider understanding of the agricultural and forestry context requires studies about the global environment. Thus, it is necessary to make studies of the agroecology and forestry section, which are promoting environmental services and animal-friendly farming practices (sustainable land management practices, organic farming, sustainability forestry, close-to-nature forestry). All of that can contribute to reducing the risks linked to abandonment, desertification, and loss of biodiversity and preservation of natural values of forest ecosystems. In the context of agriculture and forestry, the main targets are on water and soil protection, preserving the farmed and forest landscape and forests with high nature values, the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and preservation of the carbon sink effect and organic matter in soil composition, that can help in adapting to the impacts of climate change. The studies of biodiversity protection with a major focus on local agricultural plants, trees, and farm animal species and breeds had an important contribution. Agriculture and forestry are at the forefront of the development of renewable energy and material sources for bioenergy installations, encouraging environmental/economic win-win solutions. The aim of the new researches and publications was to find up-to-date, scientifically justified and environmentally acceptable solutions for improving the sustainable management of natural resources in agriculture and forestry that are of great benefit and can contribute to improving the conditions while preserving the environment.